Obey the Jack Russell
Show your revolutionary fervor on a T-shirt, coffee cup, poster or bag. >> http://www.cafepress.com/dogs_of_war/543503
They have greyhounds and dachshunds as well.
Labels: Jack Rusell (terrier)
Terrierman encourages you to consider adopting a dog in need.
Information on working terriers, dogs, natural history, hunting, and the environment, with occasional political commentary as I see fit. This web log is associated with the Terrierman.com web site. Please see this web site for more information on working terriers, or to order the book.
Labels: Jack Rusell (terrier)
The Guardian (London), June 6, 1986
Grave Raid Thwarted by Broken Shovel
Two men accused of plot to disinter the Duke of Beaufort
Members of an anti-hunting group plotted to open the grave of the Duke of Beaufort and send his head to Princess Anne, it was claimed at Bristol Crown Court yesterday.
But their Boxing Day raid on the hunting duke's burial plot at Badminton Parish Church, Avon, failed when they were only 10 inches from the coffin because a shovel broke, claimed Mr Ian
Instead, the group painted slogans in the churchyard and stole a temporary wooden cross marking the grave of the duke, who had been buried about 10 months earlier.
Two alleged members of the raiding party are on trial at Bristol. They deny charges of conspiracy to disinter the duke, conspiracy to damage the grave and theft of the cross on December 26, 1984.
The judge, Mr Justice Hutchison has ruled that the young people, one from London and one from the West Midlands, should not be identified.
Mr Glen claimed that the pair were members of the Hunt Retribution Squad, which aimed to open the grave, scatter parts of the duke's body on the edge of his estate and send the head to Princess Anne - whom they described as a 'fellow blood junkie'.
The tenth duke, who died aged 83, was a close friend of the Queen and the master of the Beaufort Hunt. He also founded the Badminton horse trials.
Mr Glen said that after the raid the squad sent photographs and a press release to the Press Association, Britain's national news agency.
The press release warned of possible violent action against a number of other people associated with hunting, including the Royal Family, football manager Jackie Charlton, football presenter Jimmy Hill, the actress Jane Seymour, the leader of the House of Lords, Lord Whitelaw, and the then Defence Secretary, Mr Michael Heseltine.
The pictures showed three masked figures holding the stolen cross and digging tools - and two of the figures were identified by their parents as the accused.
The mother of the London-based defendant told the jury that she became suspicious after finding her son, his co-accused, and two other people watching a video recording of the TV coverage of the raid four or five times.
She alerted police, who raided his flat.
When shown a photograph of masked figures with the cross from the grave in court she said she could identify her son.
The father of the West Midlands man said in a statement read to the court that he recognised his son in a photograph sent to the Press Association from the long forehead and eyes.
The trial continues.
Death a Dire Reminder of Rabies Threat; Fairfax Virginia Family Copes With Raccoon Strain's Only Human Fatality
Edward P. Hurley III -- Eddie to everyone who knew him -- was the kind of guy who never got sick. He was a touch over 6 feet tall and kept in shape by jogging and playing on two softball teams.
Two years ago, on Valentine's Day, he developed a low-grade fever. His family figured he was coming down with the flu. But for 10 days he just couldn't seem to shake the fever. On the 11th day, he was slurring his words and had trouble keeping his balance. Four days later, he went into a coma. On March 10, Hurley, 25 -- his brain no longer functioning -- died. Doctors told his family that they thought he had meningitis and encephalitis.
In June, they were given a different cause of death by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hurley had died of rabies.
He is the first and only person in the United States to die of raccoon rabies, Virginia Health Department officials have said.
Rabies has taken up permanent residence in the Washington area. The raccoon strain of rabies has infected the region's fox, groundhog and squirrel populations, in addition to the raccoons. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has a wildlife oral-vaccination campaign underway in parts of the country, including southwest Virginia, that is designed to keep the disease from spreading, but it doesn't get rid of it where it is established. For now, people in the area -- and their pets -- have no choice but to live among rabid wildlife.
"Rabies is a cyclical thing," said Earl Hodnett, a wildlife biologist for Fairfax County. "But what really drives the number of human exposures is the increase in population. As areas become more developed, the chance of encountering a rabid raccoon is greatly increased."
Eddie Hurley never had been identified publicly as the Northern Virginia man who died of rabies in 2003. For privacy reasons, his name was withheld by authorities when they announced the cause of death. Recently, his parents, Kathleen and Edward P. Hurley Jr., sat at the dining room table in their Herndon home and talked about their son's death. They agreed to speak because they believe their experience could help educate the public about rabies.
"People know of the disease," Ed Hurley Jr. said, "but I don't think they understand how easy it is to get it. I am not 100 percent sure that most people know you can die from it."
Eddie Hurley died a horrible death. The disease attacked his nervous system, slowly taking away his speech, his balance, altering his moods and then attacking his brain. His family has no idea how or when he contracted the disease.
"Eddie's nature was such that if, in fact, he was ever bitten by something, he would almost brag about it," his father said. "You know: 'Hey, guess what happened to me? I've just got bitten,' or whatever. So we don't know whether he had a cut on his leg or his hand and some dog happened to lick him while he was jogging .... We couldn't put a handle on it. We do know he was not an animal lover."
His mother and father sat at the table in a home still filled with Eddie's life. Photos of him, along with his brother and sister, are all over the house. As they spoke, Kathy Hurley showed off his wedding picture. Often, Ed and Kathy Hurley would finish each other's thoughts when they spoke of their son.
Looking back, Ed Hurley said he is glad they did not know their son was infected with the rabies virus, because once the symptoms appear, death is all but certain. If an antiviral treatment is begun immediately after contact with a rabid animal, survival is likely.
"I think it would have been more difficult to have gotten through it if we had known that there was no hope," Hurley's father said. "We still felt a great deal of helplessness. It was almost like you want to reach out and grab whatever it is that is taking him over and pull it out of him."
Richard Cash is a first responder in the war against rabies. Cash, 25, has been a Fairfax County animal control officer for 4 1/2 years. He drives a van with all sizes of cages in the rear. Up front, he has a cell phone, a police radio and a laptop computer mounted on a bracket. He is well-armed. In addition to his sidearm, Cash has a standard-issue police shotgun, a tranquilizer gun and a .22 rifle. "That is the one we use frequently on wildlife," he said recently while answering calls in the county.
Cash was on the way to Alexandria, where a raccoon was stuck in a trash bin outside a commercial property. "It doesn't sound like it is rabid, but you don't know until you get there," he said.
In August, Cash had a close encounter with a rabid fox. The fox had attacked three girls in Herndon, and Cash was sent to the neighborhood the next day to track the animal. He said he found the fox and it was "very aggressive." When Cash tried to catch it, it bit him in the leg.
"We shot the animal and killed it, and it came back positive for the rabies virus," he said. "Luckily for me, I had the benefit of being pre-vaccinated. I did go in and get a booster shot as a precautionary thing, and I haven't sustained any problems from it at all."
Cash has no illusions about winning the war on rabies. "You can't control it," he said. "I think it is beneficial to know where it is, just so we are able to keep track of it. We are able, just by our caseload, to determine where we have more of a problem, in what particular areas."
The first rabid raccoon documented in Northern Virginia was in Loudoun County in 1981, according to Suzanne Jenkins, an epidemiologist with the Virginia Department of Health. That year, 48 raccoons tested positive. In 1982, 269 raccoons tested positive in Fairfax County and 267 in Loudoun. The disease spread because the raccoon population never had been exposed to it and had no natural immunity, Jenkins said. Since then, the disease has been a constant presence, but not in such high numbers.
"Where you have more humans, you are going to have more sightings of rabid animals and more are going to get tested," Jenkins said. "We certainly know that in suburban areas, the animals are very well fed with trash cans and pet food that is left outside, on porches or decks, and bird feeders, you name it. Their population is going to grow as much as resources allow it."
When Cash arrived at his call in Alexandria, the raccoon was gone. Cash said the number of rabies-related calls per shift varies. Some days he has none; others, he might have seven or eight. Spring and summer are the busiest times of the year for rabies calls.
"In my opinion," he said, "it is a big concern. I encounter it way too often for it not to be a problem."
Kathleen Hurley said she thinks about her son "every day, all day." To watch him slip away was painful, she said, and the pain is fresh and raw today.
"And of all things," his mother said, "his brain. That's what bothered me the most, that he was such a smart kid and had such potential."
Eddie Hurley had a degree in electrical engineering form the University of Virginia. He was working on his master's degree at Virginia Tech when he died. He was awarded that degree posthumously. He married his wife, Suzzette, in June 2001 and was buried on St. Patrick's Day, about two months short of their second anniversary. Hurley worked at Lockheed Martin. "He loved his work," his father said, "but he wasn't allowed to talk about it. He had a security clearance."
Before he lapsed into a coma, Hurley would look at his mother from his hospital bed and she could see the confusion in his eyes. Most of his life, Eddie Hurley could always figure things out -- but he
could not understand what had taken over his body.
"He would ask me, 'When do you think I will get out of here?' " his mother said. "He just wanted to go home. He asked me several times when I thought he'd get out of the hospital."
The Hurley family had one more encounter with rabies after Hurley's death. In the first week of January 2004, a memorial Mass was scheduled for Eddie Hurley. That morning, Kathy Hurley went out on the deck and noticed a dead raccoon under the boards. She called Animal Control and was told that officers would come to the house as soon as possible. A short time later, she walked out the back door and noticed a fox in the tree line behind their home. The fox was acting weird. She called Animal Control again. Officers were dispatched immediately.
The fox was killed by the officers. The raccoon and fox tested positive for rabies.
Kathy Hurley sat at the dining room table, holding her son's wedding picture in her hand. When she finished the story, she was quiet for a moment.
Her husband shook his head. "Not to find one rabid animal, but to find two," he said, "and to find them on the same day you are having a Mass."
For the Hurleys, it was an unnecessary reminder of how rabies has become a fixture in the suburbs.
Labels: puppy mills
Ortovox Fox Dog Transitter and Receiver
"The Ortovox Earth Dog Transmitter is fastened on the dog's collar and sends a radio signal. The Orotvox Dog Receiver receives the signal. The shorter the distance between transmitter and receiver the louder the tone gets. With the rotary switch you can change the range and search area from 40m to 1m (43 yrds to 1 yard). Also, navigation is aided by three colored LED lights.
The compact Ortovox transmitter comes with a textile-collar into which the transmitter is tucked during earth work. Remeber, every minute counts should your dog get lost or stuck in the den of a fox or a burrow of a badger. With the D1 transmitter, a terrierman can safely and quickly locate his or her dog and rapidly dig it out. This way you spare your dog stress and unnecessary injury, and avoid possibly losing your precious companion. This light and robust transmitter is fastened at the dog's collar and it snuggles up close to the neck and therefore doesn't disturb the dog while it is working underground."
The cocker spaniel, along with the poodle, the perennial favorite of American pet buyers, has not competed in field trials since 1965, having lots its ability to hunt. Elizabeth Spalding, a leading breeder of Cavalier King Charles spaniels, says, "Most people don't know it, but up until the 1970s a sentence in the cocker-spaniel standard stated that a dog could be penalized for excessive coat. But for twenty years cockers had been bred for long coats, which brought them championships." The long-haired little hunter has developed a reputation as a foul-tempered, possessive, and nervous creature.
In the 1950s show people turned the German shepherd into a weak-hipped animal with a foul temper and bizarre downward-sloping hindquarters. A few breeders are trying to restore the dog to its former dignity. The Monks of New Skete, a religious order in the Orthodox Catholic Church, near Cambridge, New York, have for twenty-two years worked to produce dogs without those problems. "We stopped using American dogs and turned to German ones, because breeding there is better controlled," says Brother John, a member of the order, which has a waiting list of more than a year for its dogs.
Many of the toy breeds are so small and fragile that they cannot live outside artificial environments. The bulldog and the Boston terrier have difficulty whelping naturally, because of the breeds' exaggeraged heads, and bitches are regularly subjected to cesarean sections. Hetherington says, "The bulldog is a man-made dog, and man has to be responsible for it. The dog hasn't come out perfectly, but that's reason to keep trying to improve the breed , not to abandon it."
The problem exists throughout the world. In Australia the kelpie, which is considered a rival to the border collie in the management of sheep, became the darling of the show ring in the 1930s and within three decades had nearly lost its herding instinct. In the 1960s the Working Kelpie Council of Australia began to rescue the breed, by establishing a registry for working stock. In the United States the Australian kelpie has been in the AKC's miscellaneous class since 1941, and Susan Thorp, the secretary of Working Kelpies, the American breed club, wants to keep it there. "In the AKC," she says, "the dog becomes an object. People get dogs, don't use them, and then selectively breed them for characteristics other than work."
Peter Borchelt, an animal behaviorist in Forest Hills, New York, says that springer spaniels, mostly the males, born of a particular show line frequently develop dominance-related behavioral problems that lead them to become aggressive toward their owners, while those from field stock don't manifest that tendency. Among labrador retrievers there are as many as three distinct varieties with different characteristics--show dogs, somewhat large and slow afoot; dogs adept at AKC field trials, smaller and more high-strung; and working dogs, varying in appearance but bred for their ability to swim and retrieve.
Among other AKC-recognized hunting breeds--including the German shorthaired pointer, the Chesapeake Bay retriever, the pointer, the Brittany, the Gordon setter, and the English setter--are dogs that can point, retrieve, or flush birds as well as any every have. People work hard to preserve those traits, and they don't intend to stop. (Many register their dogs not with the AKC but with American Field, an organization in Chicago devoted to field dogs.) But the trend among people who want breeds unspoiled by an overemphasis on appearance is toward animals the AKC doesn't deign to register, such as the Catahoula leopard dog, Australian and English shepherds, the beauceron, and European pointers (including the English).
The trend has not escaped the notice of the AKC. Kenneth Marden, the AKC's president, says, "We have gotten away from what dogs were originally bred for. In some cases we have paid so much attention to form that we have lost the use of the dog." Marden has supervised the establishment of herding tests, which are scheduled to begin this winter and are subject to a great deal of controversy among people with working stock dogs, who argue that AKC animals like the collie and the Old English sheep dog will prove unable to complete them. Marden has also expressed interest in terrier tests to measure the dogs' ability to flush game from underground dens, and in lure coursing for sight hounds and whippets.
He has publicly recognized the need to emphasize function as well as form, despite strong opposition from the AKC's powerful traditionalists, who argue that he is denigrating shows. They have nothing to fear. In some European countries dogs must excel both in the field and in the ring, and be judged physically sound, before they can become Champions. But an AKC dog can become a Champion in the show ring alone.
Top 10 U.S. Harvested Furbearers, 1998
Species and Total Number Harvested
Note: these numbers only represent trapping. For example, about 500,000 coyote a year are killed in the U.S., of which only 30% are trapped. Most of the raccoon are shipped overseas, where the fur is sheared and dyed and sold as a low-cost substitute for milk or sable. Most of the wild-caught red fox are used for trim as the pelts are rarely in as prime a shape as ranched fox. Most of the possum are by-catch; animal accidentally trapped when another species was sought (such as fox or raccoon). Ditto for skunk.