How do you kill 86 Mammoths?
A cliff could help but so too could dogs if they were used to drive Mammoths into spear-killing bottle necks made with brush and stone, much as native Americans once did with bison.
Pat Shipman, an anthropologist at Pennsylvania State University, has been studying Mammoth mega-kill sites in Siberia, and she notes that the bones at these sites were laid down over hundreds of years, and that all date from about 44,000 years ago, at about the time that "modern" humans entered the area.
|Mammoth bones in Siberia at Berelekh|
|Wolf/Dog skull buried with bone in mouth, Predmosti, Czech Republic|
Here in North America, the last of the Mammoths and the first of the native dogs also over-lapped. It is hard to imagine it, but Columbian Mammoth once roamed the fields where I hunt, and if you know what you are looking for, you can still see their pentimento in the forest.